It is known from history that Tadeusz Kościuszko liked gardening very much and was passionate about rose breeding. He was designing gardens for Polish magnates, and also arranged the famous rock garden at West Point Academy in the USA, which still exists today.
The Kościuszko Garden at the foot of the Mound refers to Tadeusz Kościuszko’s great passion. The alleys form four flower petals – from a bird’s-eye they symbolically resemble Tadeusz’s Kosciuszko rose. The flora was selected so that the garden is green and attractive throughout the whole year. Native species also have a symbolic dimension, referring to Polishness, patriotism, and thus to the figure of Tadeusz Kościuszko himself.
The Kościuszko garden is also full of small rock gardens, referring to the design that Tadeusz Kościuszko created at West Point. There are also trees – symbols of Tadeusz Kościuszko’s youthful love – Ludwika Sosnowska. According to sources, they once planted two trees in memory of their feelings: pine and oak.
A special place in the garden is occupied by roses “Tadeusz Kościuszko” – a variety created and bred specifically to honor the hero by Łukasz Rojewski, president of the Polish Rose Society. It is characterized by velvety, burgundy color and abundant flowering. “Tadeusz Kościuszko” is a variety of a soil and a twig rose that repeats flowering. Work on this variety took him almost 10 years.